Author Archives: Pain Managment Clinic

Temporomandibular Disorders

Temporomandibular Disorders

(ĐTĐ) – The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the hinge joint that connects the lower jaw (mandible) to the temporal bone of the skull. Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) occur as a result of problems with the jaw, jaw joint, and surrounding facial muscles that control chewing and moving the jaw. This joint is immediately in front of […]

Myofascial Pain Syndrome (Muscle Pain)

Myofascial Pain Syndrome (muscle Pain)

(ĐTĐ) – Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a fancy way to describe muscle pain. It refers to pain and inflammation in the body’s soft tissues. Myofascial pain is a chronic condition that affects the fascia (connective tissue that covers the muscles). Myofascial pain syndrome may involve either a single muscle or a muscle group. In […]

Musculoskeletal Pain

Musculoskeletal Pain

(ĐTĐ) – Musculoskeletal pain is pain that affects the muscles, ligaments and tendons, along with the bones. What Causes Musculoskeletal Pain? The causes of musculoskeletal pain are varied. Muscle tissue can be damaged with the wear and tear of daily activities. Trauma to an area (jerking movements, auto accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations, and direct […]

Vertebral column

(ĐTĐ) – In human anatomy, the vertebral column (backbone or spine) is a column usually consisting of 33 vertebrae, the sacrum, intervertebral discs, and the coccyx situated in the dorsal aspect of the torso, separated by spinal discs. It houses and protects the spinal cord in its spinal canal. Curves  The vertebral column seen from […]

Morphine

Morphine

(ĐTĐ) – Morphine (INN) (MS Contin, MSIR, Avinza, Kadian, Oramorph, Roxanol, Kapanol) is a potent opiate analgesic medication and is considered to be the prototypical opioid.   Morphine is the most abundant alkaloid found in opium, the dried sap (latex) derived from shallowly slicing the unripe seedpods of the opium, or common or edible, poppy, […]

Opiate

(ĐTĐ) – In medicine, the term opiate describes any of the narcotic opioid alkaloids found as natural products in the opium poppy plant, as well as many semisynthetic chemical derivatives of such alkaloids. Overview   Harvesting the poppy pod. Opiates are so named because they are constituents or derivatives of constituents found in opium, which […]

Opioid

Opioid

(ĐTĐ) – An opioid is a chemical that works by binding to opioid receptors, which are found principally in the central nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract. The receptors in these organ systems mediate both the beneficial effects and the side effects of opioids.   The analgesic (painkiller) effects of opioids are due to decreased […]

COX-2 inhibitor

Cox-2 Inhibitor

(ĐTĐ) – COX-2 selective inhibitor is a form of Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that directly targets COX-2, an enzyme responsible for inflammation and pain.   Selectivity for COX-2 reduces the risk of peptic ulceration, and is the main feature of celecoxib, rofecoxib and other members of this drug class. COX-2 selectivity does not seem to […]

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug

(ĐTĐ) – Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, usually abbreviated to NSAIDs or NAIDs, are drugs with analgesic and antipyretic (fever-reducing) effects and which have, in higher doses, anti-inflammatory effects (reducing inflammation). The term "nonsteroidal" is used to distinguish these drugs from steroids, which (among a broad range of other effects) have a similar eicosanoid-depressing, anti-inflammatory action. As […]