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Category: Back Pain

Low Back Pain Clinical

Low Back Pain Clinical

History A thorough history and physical examination is paramount to arrive at a diagnosis, and initially imaging is often unnecessary. Patients most often complain of pain in the lumbosacral area. Determine whether pain is exacerbated by movement or by prolonged sitting or standing. Determine the duration of pain. Determine if pain is relieved by lying down. Establish if pain was sudden in onset or gradual over days or months. Determine if pain is worse in the morning or at night….

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Low Back Pain Overview

Low Back Pain Overview

Background Mechanical low back pain is one of the most common patient complaints expressed to emergency physicians in the United States accounting for more than 6 million cases annually. Approximately two thirds of adults are affected by mechanical low back pain at some point in their lives, making it the second most common complaint in ambulatory medicine and the third most expensive disorder in terms of health care dollars spent surpassed only by cancer and heart disease. Low back pain…

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Common causes of lower back pain

Common causes of lower back pain

Common causes of low back pain (lumbar backache) include lumbar strain, nerve irritation, lumbar radiculopathy, bony encroachment, and conditions of the bone and joints. Each of these is reviewed below. Lumbar strain (acute, chronic) A lumbar strain is a stretch injury to the ligaments, tendons, and/or muscles of the low back. The stretching incident results in microscopic tears of varying degrees in these tissues. Lumbar strain is considered one of the most common causes of low back pain. The injury…

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Causes of Back Pain

Causes of Back Pain

It is important to understand that back pain is a symptom of a medical condition, not a diagnosis itself. Medical problems that can cause back pain include the following: Mechanical problems: A mechanical problem is due to the way your spine moves or the way you feel when you move your spine in certain ways. Perhaps the most common mechanical cause of back pain is a condition called intervertebral disc degeneration, which simply means that the discs located between the vertebrae…

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Back pain

Back pain

(ĐTĐ) – Back pain (also known as “dorsalgia”) is pain felt in the back that usually originates from the muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine.   The pain can often be divided into neck pain, upper back pain, lower back pain or tailbone pain. It may have a sudden onset or can be a chronic pain; it can be constant or intermittent, stay in one place or radiate to other areas. It may be a dull…

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Vertebral column

Vertebral column

(ĐTĐ) – In human anatomy, the vertebral column (backbone or spine) is a column usually consisting of 33 vertebrae, the sacrum, intervertebral discs, and the coccyx situated in the dorsal aspect of the torso, separated by spinal discs. It houses and protects the spinal cord in its spinal canal. Curves  The vertebral column seen from the side Viewed laterally the vertebral column presents several curves, which correspond to the different regions of the column, and are called cervical, thoracic, lumbar,…

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Tips to Prevent Neck Pain

Tips to Prevent Neck Pain

(ĐTĐ) – Neck pain is an extremely common complaint; some of it is caused by the standard wear-and-tear of aging, but many people can actually prevent it from occurring by making a few simple changes.   You have probably heard the warnings about how your office posture is affecting your neck and back. Well, they’re true. Spending 8 hours hunched over a computer or a stack of paper strains the neck by forcing it to hold up the head, which…

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Sleeping and Neck Pain

Sleeping and Neck Pain

(ĐTĐ) – Many times when you’re in pain, you just want to go to sleep. But for a lot of people, sleep may be causing their pain – one common source of neck pain is poor sleeping posture.   You probably don’t think of sleep as active enough to strain your neck, but if you are sleeping at an awkward angle for long periods of time, which tends to happen over the eight hours you’re (supposed to be) sleeping every…

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Cervical and Lumbar Spondylosis Explained

Cervical and Lumbar Spondylosis Explained

(ĐTĐ) – The word “spondylosis” means a stiffening or fixation of the vertebrae in the back and neck due to a disease process. Spondylosis is the degenerative changes such as degenerating discs and bone spurs. Quite often, these changes are called osteoarthritis. Spondylosis can occur anywhere on the spine: cervical (neck), thoracic (upper/mid back), and lumbar (low back). However, the most common is cervical and lumbar.   Individuals with thoracic spondylosis rarely experience symptoms. Lumbosacral spondylosis occurs in both the…

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Cervical Spondylosis And Radiculopathy

Cervical Spondylosis And Radiculopathy

(ĐTĐ) – Although medical terms that might confuse many people, cervical spondylosis and radiculopathy have a common link with one another. Understanding one (cervical spondylosis) is needed to understand how the other (radiculopathy) works within contexts involving the former. That’s mainly because cervical spondylosis often plays a role in causing radiculopathy in people. In this article, let’s take a closer look at the relationship between cervical spondylosis and radiculopathy.   Understanding cervical spondylosis Spondylosis is a generalized term referring to…

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