Category Archives: Medications

Fibromyalgia Medications

(ĐTĐ) – There are many different medications used to treat fibromyalgia symptoms, including pain medicines, sleeping pills, and antidepressants. Some fibromyalgia medicines help ease pain. Others boost mood and improve sleep. Working with your doctor will help you find the right fibromyalgia medication to add to your treatment regimen. That way, you can manage your […]

Prescription or Over the Counter, Pain Pill Mistakes Common

(ĐTĐ) – Sharing prescriptions, hoarding expired drugs, and more no-nos for taking prescription and over-the-counter pain medications.   It’s been a hard day, and Joe’s back is killing him. His wife has some Percocet left over from a trip to the dentist, and there’s that big bottle of Tylenol under the sink, so Joe grabs […]

Topical Anesthesia

Topical Anesthesia

Overview Many options to deliver anesthesia have developed over the last several decades. Administration of topical anesthetics to control pain associated with procedures such as laceration repair may avoid the need for infiltrative local anesthesia injections and associated pain from the injections. Topical anesthesia also avoids the risk of wound margin distortion that exists with […]

Anesthesia

Anesthesia

Anesthesia Local anesthetics are classified into 2 groups: the ester group and the amide group. The classification is based on the chemical structure of the intermediate chain. This structural difference affects the pathway by which local anesthetics are metabolized and the allergic potential. Ester anesthetics are listed in the Table below. They are metabolized by hydrolysis, […]

Pain Medications: OTC and Prescription

Pain Medications: Otc And Prescription

Over-the-Counter Pain Relievers Over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers include: Acetaminophen (Tylenol, Aspirin Free Excedrin) Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs; aspirin, Motrin, Aleve and Orudis KT) Topical Corticosteroids (Cortaid and Cortizone) Both acetaminophen and NSAIDs reduce fever and relieve pain caused by muscle aches and stiffness, but only NSAIDs can also reduce inflammation (swelling and irritation). Acetaminophen and […]

Morphine

Morphine

(ĐTĐ) – Morphine (INN) (MS Contin, MSIR, Avinza, Kadian, Oramorph, Roxanol, Kapanol) is a potent opiate analgesic medication and is considered to be the prototypical opioid.   Morphine is the most abundant alkaloid found in opium, the dried sap (latex) derived from shallowly slicing the unripe seedpods of the opium, or common or edible, poppy, […]

Opiate

(ĐTĐ) – In medicine, the term opiate describes any of the narcotic opioid alkaloids found as natural products in the opium poppy plant, as well as many semisynthetic chemical derivatives of such alkaloids. Overview   Harvesting the poppy pod. Opiates are so named because they are constituents or derivatives of constituents found in opium, which […]

Opioid

Opioid

(ĐTĐ) – An opioid is a chemical that works by binding to opioid receptors, which are found principally in the central nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract. The receptors in these organ systems mediate both the beneficial effects and the side effects of opioids.   The analgesic (painkiller) effects of opioids are due to decreased […]